Yoga practise involves stretching and relaxation. This helps to reduce tension in stress-carrying muscles which are predominately the hips and lower back. Yoga holds certain poses for up to 2 minutes. Whilst in the pose, certain muscles flex, while others stretch, promoting relaxation and flexibility in muscles and joints.
For people with lower back pain, stretching is important. Stretching the lower back and the joints above and below is necessary to begin to regain full range of motion. Yoga increases blood flow to the area being stretched and allows nutrients to flow in, toxins to flow out, and overall nourishment of the muscles and soft tissues in the lower back.
Breathing properly in yoga practise is important. During class, a deep, free and rhythmic breath encourages the body to relax and develops a strong circulation which in turn helps to heal the body.
Yoga helps to maintain a good posture and increases a sense of balance. With practice the true alignment of the head shoulder and pelvis is achieved. Proper body alignment and good posture, will help maintain the natural curvature of the spine, is an important part of reducing or avoiding lower back pain.